Minimum price and legal frame
At both federal level and the levels of the three Belgian regions (Brussels-Capital Region, Flanders and Wallonia) schemes have been developed requiring transmission system operators to purchase green energy certificates or Combined Heat and Power Certificates (CHPCs) at a guaranteed minimum price.
Elia, as the transmission system operator or as the operator of the local transmission system, performs these public service obligations and therefore is obliged to purchase green certificates and CHPCs awarded by the various Belgian regulators from any renewable energy generator requesting this.
Guaranteed minimum price (in €) at regional and federal levels per generation source
(*) € 107 per certificate for generation coming from facilities subject to a grant of land and resulting from the first 216 MW of installed capacity; €90 per certificate for generation coming from facilities subject to the same grant of land and resulting from installed capacity above the first 216 MW.
(**) Valid for photovoltaic facilities commissioned before 1 August 2012; support mechanism repealed for photovoltaic facilities commissioned after 1 August 2012 with retroactive effect following the adoption of the Royal Decree of 21 December 2012 on Mechanisms Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation, published in the Belgian Official Gazette of 16 January 2013.
"In its capacity of transmission system operator, Elia is required to buy back green certificates from generators of renewable energy in Belgium. Offshore wind farms, photovoltaic facilities commissioned before 1 August 2012 and facilities that use water or tidal energy to generate electricity are entitled to receive this support. This federal support mechanism is valid for 10 years after the facility is commissioned, and green certificates are issued by CREG (Commission for Electricity and Gas Regulation), VREG (Flemish Electricity and Gas Regulatory Body), CWaPE (Wallonia Energy Commission) and BRUGEL (Brussels Energy Regulatory Body)."
Source: Royal Decree of 21 December 2012 amending the Royal Decree of 16 July 2002 on the Introduction of Mechanisms Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation
Support in Flanders
Grid operators must buy the green certificates from generators connected to their grid or to the closed distribution systems connected to their grid, if the generator requests this. This means that Elia in its capacity of operator of the local power transmission system must apply the Flemish minimum support to generation facilities connected to the local 70-kV to 30-kV transmission system in the Flemish Region. The minimum support that is laid down depends on the energy source and generation technology that are used and the date of commissioning. The date of commissioning also determines how long this support is provided for. See the table above for further details.
Source: Article 7.1.6 of the Law Establishing General Conditions for Energy Policy (Energy Law)
Support in Wallonia
Each renewable-energy or combined heat and power (CHP) generator can sell to the operator of the local transmission system, directly at a guaranteed minimum price, some or all of the green certificates awarded to them.
The price of the green certificates which the local transmission system operator is required to buy is set at €65 (Decree of the Walloon Government of 20 December 2007, Article 35).
Source: Article 40 of the Decree on the Organisation of the Electricity Market and Article 24quinquies of the Decree of the Walloon Government of 30 November 2006 on Support for Renewable Energy and Combined Heat and Power Generation.
Support in Brussels
The same support as in Wallonia, but of course the legal basis is different.
Source: Article 28 of the Ordinance on the Organisation of the Electricity Market in the Brussels-Capital Region.
Excerpt from the CWaPE website:
On 1 January 2008, the generation support mechanism was replaced by a mechanism involving a purchase obligation for the local transmission system operator ( LTSO), in other words Elia (Decree Art. 40). The Decree of the Walloon Government of 30 March 2006 on Public Service Obligations in the Electricity Sector (AGW-OSP) lays down the procedures for and details of submission of the request and application of this purchase obligation (Articles 24ter to sexies).
The price of the green certificate for which the LTSO is subject to a purchase obligation is €65 per certificate. The purchase obligation commences the month after the commissioning of the facility and lasts for up to 180 months.