Clean Energy Package
De meest recente wijzigingen aan het volledige Europese kader werden opgenomen in het “Clean energy for all Europeans package” (hereafter: CEP). The aim of the CEP is to:
- increase cross-border trade and strengthen cooperation between Member States to achieve a better integrated EU market;
- provide more flexibility with a view to integrating the growing share of renewable energy sources into the electricity system;
- introduce a comprehensive consumer protection framework, coupled with more rights for consumers;
- promote investment in line with market requirements and encourage the decarbonisation of the EU energy system;
- ensure that the EU is better prepared for electricity crises, including through cross-border cooperation;
- enhance the role of ACER, which takes action at EU level for the benefit of all EU citizens.
The CEP is the basic legislation for the European electricity market:
European Network Codes
The European Network Codes are a set of technical rules that originate from Regulation (EC) No 714/2009, which was recently replaced by Regulation (EU) 2019/943.
These Network Codes are laid down at European level in the form of regulations which are directly applicable. A regulation does not need to be transposed into national or regional legislation, but can be implemented directly.
According to Regulation (EC) No 714/2009, the network codes are intended to facilitate the harmonisation, integration and efficiency of the European electricity market.
The Network Codes can be divided into three interconnected ‘families’:
The transmission system operators manage the electricity transmission grid. Producers of electricity and customers who use electricity themselves are connected to this grid.
They must follow certain rules to be able to use it. All the requirements that these users must meet in order to be connected to the transmission grid are set out in three different connection codes, each of which focuses on a particular type of grid user.
The codes are:
To keep the electricity systems – like Elia’s transmission grid – reliable and stable, every transmission system operator draws up plans and schedules to prepare for real time system operation.
This involves analysing whether enough electricity will be generated to meet demand and whether the system can safely handle the resulting flows.
Against a backdrop of increasing interconnection between transmission system operators, the operations codes provide a set of rules and regulations governing how these systems are operated.
The codes are:
A fully unified electricity market is one of Europe's key objectives The market codes play a crucial role in this because they determine the organisation of the various energy markets.
These market codes are constructed on the basis of the different time horizons within which this trading takes place, namely the long term, the day-ahead and intraday market, and the balancing market. Encouraging more competition, facilitating diversification of production and optimisation of existing infrastructure are the objectives.
An important part is the organisation of cross-border trade, which, on the basis of harmonised rules, makes the available interconnection capacities tradable.
The codes are: